Understanding Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Bone Disease)

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint. The disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

 Factors that can increase your risk of osteoarthritis include:

  • Older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.
  • Sex. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, though it isn’t clear why.
  • Obesity
  • Joint injuries
  • Repeated stress on the joint
  • Genetics
  • Bone deformities
  • Certain metabolic diseases.

Condition: Degenerative joint disease, which is also referred to as osteoarthritis (OA), is a common “wear and tear” disease that occurs when the cartilage that serves as a cushion in the joints deteriorates. This condition can affect any joint but is most common in knees, hands, hips and spine.

 Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain. Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
  • Stiffness. Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
  • Tenderness
  • Loss of flexibility
  • Grating sensation
  • Bone spurs
  • Swelling.

How can the HOME DOCTOR home care company help you?

  • Collect blood samples for the diagnostic test
  • Specialist orthopaedics visit at home
  • Prescribe medicines to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Nursing/Caregiver to assist you to recover better
  • Home-based physiotherapy and elector physiotherapy


  1. Complete Blood Count
  2. Anti Nuclear Antibody (ANA)
  3. RA Factor
  4. X-RAY /CT-Scan of the affected joint

 Treatments for moderate to severe DJD often include:-

1. Opioids (that is tramadol, oxycodone)

2.  Selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors(celecoxib) as well as chondroprotective Supplement or such as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfates.                                                                                                                                                                  

3. Intra-articular injections of either corticosteroids (that is, triamcinolone, Methylprednisolone) or

4. Intra-articular injection of Hyaluronic acid.

Corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid injections both can result in pronounced pain relief, but hyaluronic acids tend to have a slower onset of efficacy and a longer effect.

Disadvantages of hyaluronic acid include the need for a series of weekly injections (typically 5 or more) and it’s costly.

5. Palliative pain relief medications.

6. Assisted Physiotherapy

7. Orthopedic devices such as braces and walkers.

8. Tissue Engineering

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